What is happening in Sudan?

Generals Abdel-Fattah Burhan and Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, who were once allies and had jointly orchestrated a military coup in 2021, are now in a power struggle. The disagreement between the two is over the integration of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) into the army.

Burhan wants it to happen in two years while Hemedti insists on a decade. The situation has escalated into a power struggle, with neither showing any indication of backing down.

The US is concerned about the conflict in Sudan spreading further and has been in contact with both sides to try and get them to stop fighting and return to civilian authority. The country's central location and importance make the situation a concern for other nations beyond the region.

However, it is unclear how much influence the US or the international community has on the warring sides. The conflict has led to a civil war without any end in sight, causing countries including the US to pull out their diplomats and citizens from Sudan.

The ongoing conflict in Sudan could lead to a security vacuum which could attract militant groups to use Sudan as a haven or pathway to target other countries in the region. The US designated Sudan as a state sponsor of terrorism in 1993 due to its support of international terrorist groups, and Sudan notoriously hosted al Qaida founder Osama bin Laden and other militants in the mid-1990s.

However, the US removed Sudan from its state sponsors of terrorism list after Khartoum agreed to establish ties with Israel in 2020. With Sudan's fragile political, economic, and security situation, national institutions are crucial for stability, according to Mohamed Fayez Farhat, director of al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies in Cairo.

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